Wheels for Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVS)
Automated Guided Vehicles (also known as Automatic Guided Vehicles) are wheel based, computer-controlled vehicles used to transport loads without driver operation. Essentially they are mobile robots. Automated Guided Vehicles are programmed to run on the warehouse floor or outside area and use markers, wires, radio waves, vision cameras, magnets, or lasers for navigation. Transponders are embedded in the floor and a pre-programmed computer control system directs and assigns tasks to the vehicles. Navigation algorithms can calculate an AGV vehicle position 40 times per second to detect the slightest change in the direction of the vehicle and correct it.
Arthur “MAC” Barrett, Jr.is thought to have invented the world's first automatic guided vehicle back in 1954. Automation allows for continuous operation which increases efficiency and productivity whilst reducing labor costs and product damage. AGV's are suitable for applications where little or no human decision making is required and can be fully customised to suit your requirements.
Types of AGV
- Masted vehicles
- Unit Load – lift deck, roller conveyors, chain conveyors, lift platforms, belt conveyors, shuttle systems
- Tow trucks or Tuggers
- High-rack stackers
Advantages of AGVs
- Not dependent on labor supply
Where are AGV's used?
AGV's are used in industrial manufacturing and warehousing applications to support material processing and handling.
Assembly line automated guided vehicles are sequenced to move products through the production line. Single-product assembly lines are inflexible and cannot adapt easily to changing production requirements. AGV’s can be reprogrammed to handle a variety of products and periodically changing assembly lines. Automated Guided Vehicles provide flexibility in the production process that traditional conveyance assembly lines cannot, and allow manufacturers to react quickly to demand.
In assembly operations AGV’s can be sequenced to collect parts from kitting areas to the assembly line. Kitting can be for a specific part or small batch manufacturing.
AGVs are used in a variety of areas to support processing and handling throughout a facility:
- Raw material movement (collecting parts for assembly)
- Work-in-process transport
- Parts/Tooling movement
- Finished goods transport
- Waste removal
- Product storage and retrieval (block stack, high-rack stacking)
- Loading & moving pallets
- Truck loading
- Material handling
At our UK warehouse we hold large stocks of AGV wheels that can be dispatched on a next day delivery service. We offer a wide array of wheels to suit a variety of industrial and commercial applications. Order online or get in touch with our technical support team on +44 (0) 1256 763744.